Predicting chances of Canada PR under express entry system

Author: Parminder Singh LL.B, J.D (Canada)

How to improve your ranking in express entry system  

Express entry system says that all skilled occupations are eligible under express entry system. However, all skilled applicants are not eligible to apply for Canada PR since candidate selection is rank-based and not first-come-first based as was done under pre Jan 2015 system. This article will explain how to improve your ranking.

Check the following tool to know your possible score and to know where you need improvement:

http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/immigrate/skilled/crs-tool.asp

Eligible score rank for Canadian PR from Jan to July 2015

  • Jan 31:      866 (779 invitations to apply for Canadian PR sent)
  • Feb  7:       818
  • Feb 20:      808
  • Feb 27:      735
  • Mar 20:      481
  • Mar 27:      453
  • Apr 10:      469
  • Apr 17:      453
  • May 23:     755
  • June 12:    482
  • June 26:    469 (1575 invitations to apply for Canadian PR sent)
  • July 10:      463

http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/express-entry/past-rounds.asp

How to improve your score

There are things that you can do to improve your score and increase your chances of being invited to apply for Canadian PR. For example, you may want to:

  • secure a valid job offer using:
    • Job Bank, or
    • by promoting yourself to employers in Canada using private sector job boards or personal contacts,
  • consider Provincial Nomination
  • improve your IELTS score
  • improve your education, or
  • gain work experience.

Skilled  workers under Federal skilled worker class FSW, Federal skilled trade class FST, Canadian experience class CEC and Provincial nominees program PNP are eligible for Canadian PR under Express entry system. Job offer is mandatory under FST class but it is not mandatory under other classes.

If you are eligible to be in the express entry system, your online express entry profile is valid for one year. Here follows the historical express entry ranking scores that were eligible for Canadian PR in the last 6 months. Based on these figures, you will know whether you are likely to be a candidate for Canadian PR. If you are not likely to be a candidate for Canadian PR,  you may try to improve your score with the advice given at the end.

Even if your score is low at this time, you should create express entry online profile because if your profile is online, there is a chance that it may be picked up by an employer which will improve your score by 600 point up. But if it not visible to the potential employers, it cannot be picked up.

The score may go down or it may come up in the next 6 months, its unpredictable, but one thing is clear from the historical ranking scores eligible for Canadian PR: candidates without job offer are ALSO being selected for Canadian PR:

Understanding Express entry point system in Brief:

Total points: 1200

Age, education, experience, IELTS: 600 points

Job offer or nomination from a Province: 600 points

Distribution of 1200 points

  • 600 points for age education experience and English
  • 600 points for Canadian job offer or provincial nomination

Points break down

  • Age: 100 or 110 (100 if you are married and 110 if you are single)
  • Education: 140 or  150
  • Canadian Experience: 70 or 80
  • IELTS: 130 or 136
  • French: 20 or 24
  • Spouse (education, IELTS, experience): 40
  • Combination of IELTS and work experience in Canada and abroad: 50
  • Combination of IELTS and work experience abroad: 50
  • Approved Job offer from Canada or Provincial Nomination: 600

Canada’s Express entry immigration point system

Author: Parminder Singh, J.D. Juris Doctor (Canada)

This immigration program is starting on January 1, 2015. Applicants who filed under older program will be assessed under older rules.

The express entry program will rank candidates from all other eligible programs according to a 1200 point scale. The ranking list of candidates will be posted on Canada job bank website from where the employers may pick the candidates for job offers.The express entry program will target,

  1. Federal Skilled workers (FSW)
  2. Federal Skilled trade workers (FST)
  3. Canadian Experience class workers (CEC)
  4. Provincial Nominees (PNP), Only if a province wishes to provide provincial nomination to applicants from express entry pool)

Eligibility for entry into express entry ranking system

  • Minimum eligibility criteria, in a nutshell: Applicants must meet minimum criteria of respective programs such as Federal skilled Worker Class, Federal Skilled Trade Class, Canadian experience class, and Provincial Nominee class, to be eligible for entry into express entry ranking pool.
  • Minimum points: Required 67 out of 100 points for FSW class to enter express entry ranking pool. No points required for FST and CEC class but following criteria must be met.
  • Minimum IELTS: IELTS general 6 bands in each component for Federal skilled worker class and 5 bands for Federal skilled trade class (5L, 5S, 3.5R, 4W). If applying under Canadian experience class, there is no requirement for education assessment, however the IELTS requirement remains according to the occupation (for technical occupations 5 bands overall, for professional occupations 6 bands in each component)
  • Education evaluation: All applicants and their spouses will not be able to apply for this program without IELTS general and without their Education Assessment by an authorized organization (Education assessment not required for Federal skilled trade class and Canadian Experience class applicants).These processes take time, therefore, applicants and their spouses should start theses processes under expert guidance without delay.
  • Eligible occupations: All occupations in O, A and B categories of National Occupation Classification are eligible for express entry pool. However, since all occupations are not listed in FSW and FST classes, it might be difficult to get LMIA for all occupations. All occupations mentioned in Federal skilled worker class and  Federal skilled trade class are eligible if applying under these categories. If applying under Canadian experience class, certain occupations are not eligible. Check before applying. Students who obtained Ph.d from Canada are eligible if they apply within 1 year of completion of Ph.d in Canada or when they are in their last semester.
  • Minimum experience: 1 year in the last 10 years in an eligible occupation under Federal Skilled worker class. 2 year in an eligible occupation under Federal skilled trade class in last 5 years. 1 year within the last 3 years under Canadian experience class.
  • Job offer: Required a qualifying Job offer under FST class for 1 year from one or two employers. No requirement for qualifying job offer for FSW and CEC class but highly recommended to rank higher on express entry ranking pool (because 600 points out of 1200 points are given for a qualifying job offer alone).
  • Minimum Settlement funds: Funds requirements as per each individual program such as: FSW, FST, CEC and PNP e.g FSW program requires approximately $11,000 for one person, $13,000 for 2 persons and so on. However, there is no settlement fund requirement for FST program.

Express Entry Pool: Main Features

  • Total Points 1200: 600 points for Qualifying job offer or Provincial nomination from Canada; and 600 points for rest of the factors such as age, experience, education, Language
  • Express entry system does not tell how many points are required to qualify or which occupations will qualify under it. It does, however, tells applicants must meet all the requirements of programs under which they are applying.
  • This system tells how many total points are assigned to each factor for ranking
  • Once the applicants are eligible to apply for express entry, the Applicants will be ranked according to points they achieve on the express entry selection point grid.
  • After their ranking, if the applicants do not already have a job offer, they will be asked to register on the Canadian job bank website so that Canadian employers may offer them job
  • This system will not prioritize applications on first come first served basis, rather this system is rank based
  • Those who rank higher than the others will be given invitation to apply for Canadian PR
  • Government will keep picking high ranking applicants periodically over a year’s time until the quota is full. The date, occupations and quota of applications will be published prior to picking up applicants periodically.
  • The system will maintain rank based profiles of all applicants for 1 year on the Canadian job bank website for their selection by the Canadian employers. Once the quota of spots is filled in a particular skill category, that skill category will be closed, and other skill categories will remain open for 1 year.
  • The express entry program is fast track Canada PR program, in which processing takes only 6 months
  • The express entry point system is unnecessarily complicated but in a way simple for being online and fast
  • The express entry point system encourages single applicants by giving them more points than the married applicants
  • The express entry system favours those who have a job offer from Canada or provincial nomination from a Canadian province

Total points: 1200 maximum as follows,

  1. Canadian “Qualifying Job offer” or provincial nomination: 600 points
  2. 500 for Human Capital factor: 500 points
  3. 100 for Skill Transferability factor:100 points

Example of a perfect scoring applicant: The following points will be given to an applicant who scores perfect score on age, education, IELTS, French, Experience, Job offer etc.

1. Canadian “Qualifying Job offer” or Provincial nomination factor: maximum 600 points

Canadian Job offer:             600

or Provincial Nomination:     600

2. Human Capital factor: Maximum 500 points as follows,

Applicants who do not take their spouses to Canada will get more points on age, education, language and experience factors as shown below:

Age:                                       110 or 100 (If 20 to 30 year)

Education:                              150 or 140 (If PH.D)

IELTS:                                    136 or 128 (If 9 Bands)

French:                                   24 or 22

Experience (Canadian):          80 or 70 (If 5 years or more)

Spouse education:                  10

Spouse IELTS:                        20

Spouse Work (Canada):          10

3. Skill transferability factor: Maximum 100 points as follows,

Combination of following factors in an applicant

Education & IELTS:                                   50

Education & Canadian experience:           50

Foreign work & IELTS:                              50

Canadian work & foreign work:                  50

Trade certification & IELTS:                       50

Notes: A qualifying job offer means: an offer of full time permanent job offer for Professional, Skilled or Technical occupation from a Canadian employer which is approved by Department of Employment & Social Development based on occupation’s supply and demand forecast or outlook.

Caution ! This article is just a snap shot and an example of maximum points scored by an ideal, top ranking candidate. The express entry point system is much more complicated. The applicants are advised to be very careful while applying or they must seek expert guidance.

Morden City Immigration Program under Manitoba Nominee Program

Author: Parminder Singh, LL.B (Canada)

Under Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program, there is a Community driven immigration Initiative stream. The Morden City, situated 112 Km from Winnipeg, with a population of 8000, provides opportunity to immigrate to Canada permanently under this program. The following selection factors are considered:

Eligibility and selection factors

Age:  21-45

Education: One year diploma

Experience: 2 year within last 5 years

Funds: $10,000 plus 2000 for each family member

Occupations preferred currently: Manufacturing, cabinet makers, welders, auto mechanics, factory sewing machine operators, day care workers

Connections: no connections to any other part of Canada through friends, relatives, education or employment

Adaptability: intention and ability to settle in rural area under cultural and climatic conditions of City of Morden.

Process: Application is first submitted to City of Morden. If selected, the applicant is invited to explore the city of Morden and attend an interview. If satisfied, the applicant receives letter of support from Morden. The applicant applies to MPNP under Morden’s community driven immigration initiative with the letter of support from City of Morden. If satisfied, the applicant receives provincial nomination. Finally, the applicant and his family apply to CIC for Permanent resident visa.

Processing times:  4 months for Morden city processing, 6 months to 12 months for CIC.

Criteria subject to change: check website for updates;

http://mordenmb.com/business/immigrate-to-morden

Canada Immigration’s Express entry program

Parminder Singh LL.B (Canada)

Canada Immigration’s Express entry permanent resident program: a competitive or Job offer based program

This program is expected to start in January 2015.

The rules of this programs will apply to

  • Federal Skilled Worker program
  • Federal Skilled Trade Class
  • Canadian Experience Class
  • Provincial Nominees can also apply
  • The rules of this program will apply to those whose applications have not received an approval by January 2015. This means applicants who have applied before January 2015 will fall under express entry program.

The selection of applicants will not be  based on first come first served basis anymore.

  • The selection of applicants will be based on their selection by Canadian employers or Canadian Province or if they scored higher points than other applicants on the selection criteria.
  • This means all applicants who are not preferred by the employers or a province or who do not score higher points than others will have no chance of approval.
  • Even the employer selected applicants will be required to receive positive labour market opinion by the Human Resource department of Canada.

Processing procedure

  • The applicants will post their profiles through online application system. Those who meet the point or eligibility criteria will be placed on Canada job bank pool.
  • The Canadian Immigration will place the applicants’ profiles on the job bank pool according to their point based ranking.
  • The candidates who possess higher ranking or those who receive job offers will be invited by Canada immigration to apply electronically for Canadian PR within 60 days.
  • The employer selected applicants will be required to receive positive labour market opinion, which means that the human resource department will assess whether the skill set of the applicant is in demand where he job is offered. The Canada immigration will then send invitation to the candidate to apply for Canadian PR within 60 days.
  • The process will take less than 6 months after invitation to apply.
  • If a candidate does not get invitation to apply after 12 months, he or she can reapply to enter the rank based pool.
  • Candidates with high ranking will be invited to apply for Canadian PR But Candidates with job offers will be given preference.

Processing times

The whole process will take less than 6 months after invitation to apply by the government.

Must have a job offer to qualify or score higher points on the selection criteria

Under express entry program, in addition to scoring points or fulfilling the eligibility criteria, the applicants must have a job offer or score high on point system in order to qualify.

No Job offer required for Quebec Applicants

This program is not applicable in Quebec, where job is not required to get Canadian permanent residence. Most of the provinces in Canada require a job offer to qualify to immigrate.

However, in order to immigrate to Quebec, applicants may require French language, if they do not score sufficient score on the selection grid. French is NOT mandatory, if an applicant scores enough points on selection grid, but it is highly favoured in Quebec.

Conclusion: Start learning French, or Score high on Point system or Start looking for a Job in Canada, whichever is easier, if you want to immigrate to Canada after January 2015.

Quebec Experience Class

QUEBEC EXPERIENCE CLASS[i]

Author: Parminder Singh, LL.B (Canada)

Quebec immigration processes applications under these programs within 20 days. Canadian PR status under this program is for those who have worked or studied in Quebec.

a. Skilled Workers

b. Students

a. SKILLED WORKERS

Eligibility

Experience: One year work experience in Quebec in 2 year prior to application for Quebec Immigration.

French: Intermediary Level of French language or prove that you have required French proficiency for your job.

b. STUDENTS

Eligibility:

Study in Quebec for two years

French: Intermediary level in French if the applicant’s language of instruction during study was not French.

No job offer required to qualify as is the case in Federal Canadian Experience class.

REFERENCES

_______________________________________

[i] s. 38.1, 38.2, Regulation Respecting the Selection of Foreign Nationals, RRQ, c I-0.2, r 4

 

 

Canada Immigration: New Federal Point criteria after May 04, 2013

New May 2013 Federal skilled worker Points system

Federal skilled worker categories May 2013

Author: Parminder Singh, LL.B (Canada)

Total Points: 100, Must score: 67 points

Immigration to Canada is possible through Canada Federal skilled worker program. A person must score 67 points to be eligible for Canada PR.

Education 25 Points: PHd 25 points; MA or professional degree 23; two diplomas/degrees (one at least 3 year) 22; 3 year diploma 21; 2 year diploma 19; 1 year diploma 15; 10+2, 5 points

English 24 Points (minimum 6 band in each): 6 band 16 points; 7 bands (or 6.5 in speaking, reading and writing; 7.5 in listening) 20 points; 8 bands 24 points

French 4:  CLB 5 A1 A2 B1 French

Experience 15 Points : 1 yr 9 points; 2 yr 11 points; 4 yr 13 points; 6 yr 15 points.

Age 12 points: 12 points for 18 to 35 year; decreases 1 point per year after 35 year, Zero point at 47 year.

Arranged employment with LMO: 10 points

Adaptability: maximum 10 points

  • Principal applicant’s 1 year work in Canada: 10 points
  • Spouse English level 4 to 4.5 band:  5 points
  • Relative in Canada (aged 18 year or above): 5 points
  • Spouse education or work in Canada: 5 points
  • Arranged employment: extra 5 points

Source: Government of Canada: http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/immigrate/skilled/apply-factors.asp

 

Quebec Skilled Worker Class

(For a current short list of skills in demand in Quebec, click here)

QUEBEC SKILLED WORKERS CLASS

An easier immigration to Canada option

Features

  • Quebec Immigration gives priority processing to the Applicants whose skilled training is on the Quebec Area of Training List.
  •  Job offer from Canada is not necessary as is the case under Provincial Nominee Programs for other Canadian provinces.
  • To qualify for a Quebec Selection Certificate, a single or unmarried applicant must score 49 points. A married applicant must score 57 points.
  • French is not required to apply, if an applicant scores the required points. However, it is strongly recommended to learn French.

Quebec Skilled Worker Point Criteria[vi]

  1. Quebec Education/Training criterion: Up to 28 points (Must have 12 years of education, More points for education in Quebec Area of Training occupations)
  2. Validated Employment Offer: Up to 10 points (10 points if job offer is from outside Montreal, 6 points if job offer is in Montreal)
  3. Experience: Up to 8 points (4 points for 6 months experience, 6 points for 2 years or more experience, 8 points for 4 year
    experience)
  4. Age: Up to 16 points (18-35 years, full 16 points; Deduction of 2 points per year after 35)
  5. Language Proficiency: Up to 22 points (Up to 6 points for English and 16 Points for French); (4 points for 5 bands in listening and speaking, 6 points for 7.5 in listening and 6.5 in speaking; 16 points for High Level in French)
  6. Stay and Family in Quebec: Up to 8 points
  7. Spouse’s Characteristics: Up to 16 points
  8. Children: Up to 8 points ( 4 points for child aged 0-12 years; 2 points for child aged 13-21)
  9. Financial Self-Sufficiency: 1 point (Must sign a contract with the Quebec government that the applicant will have funds for 3 months survival without a work in Quebec, application will be refused without 3 months settlement funds)
  10. Adaptability: Up to an additional 6 points may be awarded for interview. if an interview for Adaptability is conducted, a single applicant must score a minimum of 55 points and a married applicant must score 63 points. Points are awarded according to an applicant’s knowledge of Quebec culture, job market, knowledge of French and rental accommodation.

NOTE: On August 5, 2015, the adaptability factor is removed from the selection point grid.

Parminder Singh LL.B (Canada)

REFERENCES


[i] s.1 of the Regulation respecting the weighting applicable to the selection of foreign nationals, RRQ, c I-0.2, r 2, s.1

 

Canada & Quebec: Occupations in Demand

THESE SKILLED TRADES ARE ELIGIBLE FOR FAST TRACK PR PERMANENT RESIDENCE PROCESSING

Canada: Skills in Demand

Click here for complete Federal Skilled Workers Class list (No job offer required)

  • Total 24 Trades Include: Civil, Mechanical, Chemical and Computer engineers (& programmers); Financial and Investment analysts; Lab Technicians and Physiotherapists etc. (Only 300 PR spots per category)

Click here for complete Federal Skilled Trade Class list (MUST have a job offer)

  • Total 43 trades Include: Supervisors of mechanic trades (automotive, AC etc), Carpentry, Forestry, Farming and Livestock etc.
  • Electricians, Welders, Machinists, Sheet metal workers, Plumbers, Crane Operators, AC & Refrigeration mechanics, Electronics & Communication technicians, Aircraft mechanics, Elevator mechanics etc.

———————————————————————————————————————

Quebec: Skills in Demand

Click here for complete Quebec list (No job offer required from Canada to qualify, French intermediate level not required, if point criteria is fulfilled without French points)

Includes the following trades (Trades in Red ink 16 points, Trades in blue ink 12 points, others 6 points) ,

  • BSc: Chemistry, Bio Chemistry, Nursing, Statistics
  • B.E: Computer Engineering, Aeronautical and aerospace engineering
  • Diploma 3 year : Nursing, Insurance and Financial Advisory, Business Administration, Chemical, Civil engineering, Radiation oncology technician, Diagnostic radiology technician, Food processing and quality technology
  • Diploma 1 or 2 years (After 10+2 education): Welding 2 years, Sheet metal 1.5 years, Plumbing and heating 2 years, Masonry (1 year), Computer Support (2 years), Pharmacy 2 years, Retail butchery (1 Year), Machining techniques (2 years) etc.

To find out your eligibility, you MUST fill out our assessment form

 

 

Canada Skilled Worker Class Immigration

Author: Parminder Singh LL.B (Canada)

SKILLED WORKER CLASS

Skilled workers are eligible for Canada PR status in 5 ways

  1. Federal Skilled Worker Program
  2. Canadian Experience Class
  3. Quebec Experience Class
  4. Provincial Nominee Program
  5. Quebec Skilled Workers Program

1. FEDERAL SKILLED WORKER PROGRAM

The Federal Skilled Workers Program has two Canada Immigration programs

  1. Federal Skilled Worker Class
  2. Federal Skilled Trades Class

1) FEDERAL SKILLED WORKERS CLASS [ii]

There are currently 3 classes under this program:

  1. Priority Occupations
  2. Arranged Employment
  3. Ph.d stream

1. Priority Occupations (Note: All occupations are eligible as per 2015 express entry program rules)

Click here for a list of 24 occupations eligible for priority processing (Total 5000 spots, with a sub CAP on each occupation

Eligibility

  • Must be in the list of 24 eligible occupations (Note: All occupations are eligible as per 2015 express entry program rules)
  • Minimum one year experience in eligible occupation
  • Minimum 6 bands in each of IELTS components: Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing
  • Educational equivalency assessment of foreign diplomas/degrees from a designated organization designated by Immigration Canada
  • Must score 67 points on the selection points grid

2. Arranged Employment

An applicant is eligible for immigration to Canada, if he meets the following conditions:

  • A Canadian employer has offered him a permanent job, with a Labour Market Opinion (LMO) from Human Resources and Skill Department of Canada (HRSDC) AND
  • the applicant has one year experience in his trade, which falls under skill type O, A or B under NOC of HRSDC), that, is managerial, professional or technical occupations

3. Ph.d Stream

An applicant is also eligible to apply for Immigration to Canada, if he is a PH.D student in Canada. However, he must apply after 2 years of your PH.D studies or within a year of completion of PH.D.

Processing times: Currently it takes 1 year for processing of Canada PR applications under Arranged Employment Program.

2) FEDERAL SKILLED TRADES CLASS[iii]

Currently, Canada Immigration has 43 occupations that are eligible for fast track Canada PR program.

Canada Immigration’s Criteria to qualify,

  • Experience: minimum 2 years of experience.
  • Job Offer: an offer of employment from one or two Canadian employers of one year duration with approved LMO from Human Resource Department of Canada.
  • English: IELTS Score: listening and speaking 5 bands, reading 3.5 bands, writing 4 bands.
  • Employment Requirements: an applicant must meet “Employment Requirements” of the HRSDC for his trade or be licensed in Canada.

Processing times: In India it takes under 12 months for processing of Canada PR applications.

2. CANADIAN EXPERIENCE CLASS, CEC [iv]

  1. CEC for Workers
  2. CEC for Students

1. CEC for Workers

A foreign worker can immigrate to Canada on permanent basis under Canadian Experience class.

Eligibility

Work experience: 1 year of work experience in Canada on a work permit

English: IELTS score 5 bands for B skill type of NOC of HRSDC and 6 bands for skill type O or A of NOC of HRSDC.

2. CEC for Students

Eligibility

Study: Completion of at least 2 years of post-secondary study in Canada

Experience: One year of work experience in Canada

This program is not meant for unskilled or semi-skilled workers

3. QUEBEC EXPERIENCE CLASS 

Eligibility (Students): Two years of post-secondary study in Quebec and an intermediate level of French, if the applicant’s language of instruction was not French.

Eligibility (Workers): One year of work experience in last 2 years and intermediate level of French or proof that the applicant meets the language proficiency for the job.

4. PROVINCIAL NOMINEE PROGRAM CLASS (Skilled workers stream)[v]

Skilled Worker Stream

Under Federal Skilled Worker’s Program, a good level of English is required whereas in Provincial Nominee Programs, English is required only at a basic level. The total qualifying points are also less under Provincial Program than the Federal Program.

However, all provinces, except Quebec, require a job offer under skilled worker stream of provincial nominee programs.

Semi-Skilled Worker Stream

Under PNP, the workers with semi-skilled categories are also eligible for Immigrating to Canada on permanent basis. These semi-skilled categories include Food Servers, Cleaners, Hotel Front Desk staff, Long Haul Truck Drivers, Bakers and Industrial Meat cutters.

The English language requirement is low. An applicant must have a job offer in order to be eligible.

Masters and Ph.d student stream

Under provincial nominee programs of some provinces, such as Ontario, the Master’s and  Ph.D degree holders from Canadian universities are eligible to apply for Canada PR status while they are in their last semesters or within two years of completion of their degrees. At the time of application, they must have legal status in Canada and be residing in the province where they apply for Canada immigration status.

No job is required to be eligible. There is a CAP of 1000 applicant per year in Ontario for this stream.

5. QUEBEC SKILLED WORKERS CLASS[vi]

Click the above link for information on Quebec skilled worker program

 

—————————————————————————————————————-

REFERENCES

Immigration and Refugee Protection Act RegulationsRegulations R-75, 86, 87, 87.1, 87.2, 88

 


[i]

[ii] R75: Federal Skilled Worker Class

[iii] R 87.2: Federal Skilled Trade Class

[iv] R 87.1: Canadian Experience Class

[v] R 87: Provincial Nominee Class

[vi] R86: Quebec Skilled Worker Class

 

Canada PR for Skilled & Unskilled Workers

Author: Parminder Singh LL.B (Canada) 

WHO IS A SKILLED WORKER

Under current Canada Immigration laws, there are three types of skilled workers under Canada’s National Occupation Classification (NOC): Skille Type O, A and B. All skill types require a degree or a diploma to perform the skilled work:

Skill Type O: Managers (e.g. managers in human resource, marketing, finance, health care, engineering, communications, IT)

Skill Type A: Professionals (e.g. doctors, accountants, lawyers etc)

Skill Type B: Technicians (e.g. welders, plumbers, carpenters etc)

WHO IS AN UNSKILLED OR SEMI-SKILLED WORKER

Unskilled or Semi Skilled workers do not require any diploma, degree or apprenticeship.

Skill Type C & D: e.g heavy truck drivers, construction labor, waiters, sweepers, farm labor etc.

Skilled workers can obtain Canada PR status in 4 ways

  1. Federal Skilled Worker Program
  2. Canadian Experience Class
  3. Quebec Experience Class
  4. Provincial Nominee Program
  5. Quebec Skilled Workers Program

1. FEDERAL SKILLED WORKER PROGRAM

Under Federal Skilled Workers Program there are two Canada Immigration programs

  1. Federal Skilled Worker Program
  2. Federal Skilled Trades Class

1) FEDERAL SKILLED WORKERS PROGRAM [ii]

There are currently 3 classes under this program:

  1. Priority Occupations
  2. Arranged Employment
  3. Ph.d stream

1. PRIORITY OCCUPATIONS

Click here for a list of 24 occupations eligible for priority processing (Total 5000 spots, with a sub CAP on each occupation

Eligibility

  • Must be in the list of 24 eligible occupations
  • Minimum one year experience in eligible occupation
  • Minimum 6 bands in each of IELTS components: Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing
  • Educational equivalency assessment of foreign diplomas/degrees from a designated organization designated by Immigration Canada
  • Must score 67 points on the selection points grid

2. ARRANGED EMPLOYMENT

An applicant is eligible for immigration to Canada, if he meets the following conditions:

  • A Canadian employer has offered him a permanent job, with a Labour Market Opinion (LMO) from Human Resources and Skill Department of Canada (HRSDC) AND
  • the applicant has one year experience in his trade, which falls under skill type O, A or B under NOC of HRSDC), that, is managerial, professional or technical occupations

2. PH.D STREAM

You are also eligible to apply for Immigration to Canada, if you are a PH.D student in Canada. However, you must apply after 2 years of your PH.D studies or within a year of completion of PH.D.

Processing times: Currently it takes 1 year for processing of Canada PR applications under Arranged Employment Program.

2) FEDERAL SKILLED TRADES CLASS[iii]

Currently, Canada Immigration has 43 occupations that are eligible for fast track Canada PR program.

Canada Immigration’s Criteria to qualify,

  • Experience: minimum 2 years of experience.
  • Job Offer: an offer of employment from one or two Canadian employers of one year duration with LMO approval from Human Resource Department.
  • English: IELTS Score: listening and speaking 5 bands, reading 3.5 bands, writing 4 bands.
  • Employment Requirements: must meet “Employment Requirements” of the HRSDC for your trade or be licensed in Canada.

Processing times: In India it takes under 12 months for processing of Canada PR applications.

2. CANADIAN EXPERIENCE CLASS, CEC [iv]

  1. CEC for Workers
  2. CEC for Students

1. CEC FOR WORKERS

A foreign worker can immigrate to Canada on permanent basis under Canadian Experience class.

Eligibility

Work experience: 1 year of work experience in Canada on a work permit

English: IELTS score 5 bands for B skill type of NOC of HRSDC and 6 bands for skill type O or A of NOC of HRSDC.

2. CEC FOR STUDENTS

Eligibility

Study: Completion of at least 2 years of post-secondary study in Canada

Experience: One year of work experience in Canada

This program is not meant for unskilled or semi-skilled workers

3. QUEBEC EXPERIENCE CLASS

Eligibility: Two years of post-secondary study in Quebec and an undertaking to take French language classes.

4. PROVINCIAL NOMINEE PROGRAM CLASS (PNP) (Skilled worker stream)[v]

Skilled Worker Stream

Under Federal Skilled Worker’s Program, an applicant must demonstrate a good level of English whereas in Provincial Nominee Programs, English is either not required or it is required only at a basic level. The total qualifying points are also less under Provincial Program than the Federal Program.

Almost all provinces require a job offer under provincial nominee programs.

Semi-Skilled Worker Stream

Under PNP, the workers with semi-skilled categories are also eligible for Immigrating to Canada on permanent basis. These semi-skilled categories include Bakers, Industrial Meat Butchers, Food Servers, Cleaners, Hotel Front Desk staff and Long Haul Truck Drivers, to name just a few. The level of English language requirement is low under provincial nominee programs.

An applicant must have a job offer in order to be eligible.

Masters and Ph.d student stream

Under provincial nominee programs of some provinces, such as Ontario, the Master’s and Ph.D degree holders from Canadian universities are eligible to apply for Canada PR status while they are in their last semesters or within two years of completion of their degrees. At the time of application, they must have legal status in Canada and be residing in the province where they apply for Canada immigration status.

No job is required to be eligible. There is a CAP of 1000 applicant per year in Ontario for this stream.

5. QUEBEC SKILLED WORKERS CLASS[vi]

Click the above link for information on Quebec skilled worker program

Parminder Singh LL.B (Canada)

REFERENCES

Immigration and Refugee Protection Act Regulations

http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-2002-227/index.html

Regulations R-75, 86, 87, 87.1, 87.2, 88, 90, 97, 100, 116, 138



[i] R116: Family Class

[ii] R75: Federal Skilled Worker Class

[iii] R 87.2: Federal Skilled Trade Class

[iv] R 87.1: Canadian Experience Class

[v] R 87: Provincial Nominee Class

[vi] R86: Quebec Skilled Worker Class

[vii] R 88, 90, 97, 100: Business Class (Investors, Entrepreneurs, Self-employed persons)

[viii] R138: Refugee Class