Author: Parminder Singh, J.D. Juris Doctor (Canada)
This immigration program is starting on January 1, 2015. Applicants who filed under older program will be assessed under older rules.
The express entry program will rank candidates from all other eligible programs according to a 1200 point scale. The ranking list of candidates will be posted on Canada job bank website from where the employers may pick the candidates for job offers.The express entry program will target,
- Federal Skilled workers (FSW)
- Federal Skilled trade workers (FST)
- Canadian Experience class workers (CEC)
- Provincial Nominees (PNP), Only if a province wishes to provide provincial nomination to applicants from express entry pool)
Eligibility for entry into express entry ranking system
- Minimum eligibility criteria, in a nutshell: Applicants must meet minimum criteria of respective programs such as Federal skilled Worker Class, Federal Skilled Trade Class, Canadian experience class, and Provincial Nominee class, to be eligible for entry into express entry ranking pool.
- Minimum points: Required 67 out of 100 points for FSW class to enter express entry ranking pool. No points required for FST and CEC class but following criteria must be met.
- Minimum IELTS: IELTS general 6 bands in each component for Federal skilled worker class and 5 bands for Federal skilled trade class (5L, 5S, 3.5R, 4W). If applying under Canadian experience class, there is no requirement for education assessment, however the IELTS requirement remains according to the occupation (for technical occupations 5 bands overall, for professional occupations 6 bands in each component)
- Education evaluation: All applicants and their spouses will not be able to apply for this program without IELTS general and without their Education Assessment by an authorized organization (Education assessment not required for Federal skilled trade class and Canadian Experience class applicants).These processes take time, therefore, applicants and their spouses should start theses processes under expert guidance without delay.
- Eligible occupations: All occupations in O, A and B categories of National Occupation Classification are eligible for express entry pool. However, since all occupations are not listed in FSW and FST classes, it might be difficult to get LMIA for all occupations. All occupations mentioned in Federal skilled worker class and Federal skilled trade class are eligible if applying under these categories. If applying under Canadian experience class, certain occupations are not eligible. Check before applying. Students who obtained Ph.d from Canada are eligible if they apply within 1 year of completion of Ph.d in Canada or when they are in their last semester.
- Minimum experience: 1 year in the last 10 years in an eligible occupation under Federal Skilled worker class. 2 year in an eligible occupation under Federal skilled trade class in last 5 years. 1 year within the last 3 years under Canadian experience class.
- Job offer: Required a qualifying Job offer under FST class for 1 year from one or two employers. No requirement for qualifying job offer for FSW and CEC class but highly recommended to rank higher on express entry ranking pool (because 600 points out of 1200 points are given for a qualifying job offer alone).
- Minimum Settlement funds: Funds requirements as per each individual program such as: FSW, FST, CEC and PNP e.g FSW program requires approximately $11,000 for one person, $13,000 for 2 persons and so on. However, there is no settlement fund requirement for FST program.
Express Entry Pool: Main Features
- Total Points 1200: 600 points for Qualifying job offer or Provincial nomination from Canada; and 600 points for rest of the factors such as age, experience, education, Language
- Express entry system does not tell how many points are required to qualify or which occupations will qualify under it. It does, however, tells applicants must meet all the requirements of programs under which they are applying.
- This system tells how many total points are assigned to each factor for ranking
- Once the applicants are eligible to apply for express entry, the Applicants will be ranked according to points they achieve on the express entry selection point grid.
- After their ranking, if the applicants do not already have a job offer, they will be asked to register on the Canadian job bank website so that Canadian employers may offer them job
- This system will not prioritize applications on first come first served basis, rather this system is rank based
- Those who rank higher than the others will be given invitation to apply for Canadian PR
- Government will keep picking high ranking applicants periodically over a year’s time until the quota is full. The date, occupations and quota of applications will be published prior to picking up applicants periodically.
- The system will maintain rank based profiles of all applicants for 1 year on the Canadian job bank website for their selection by the Canadian employers. Once the quota of spots is filled in a particular skill category, that skill category will be closed, and other skill categories will remain open for 1 year.
- The express entry program is fast track Canada PR program, in which processing takes only 6 months
- The express entry point system is unnecessarily complicated but in a way simple for being online and fast
- The express entry point system encourages single applicants by giving them more points than the married applicants
- The express entry system favours those who have a job offer from Canada or provincial nomination from a Canadian province
Total points: 1200 maximum as follows,
- Canadian “Qualifying Job offer” or provincial nomination: 600 points
- 500 for Human Capital factor: 500 points
- 100 for Skill Transferability factor:100 points
Example of a perfect scoring applicant: The following points will be given to an applicant who scores perfect score on age, education, IELTS, French, Experience, Job offer etc.
1. Canadian “Qualifying Job offer” or Provincial nomination factor: maximum 600 points
Canadian Job offer: 600
or Provincial Nomination: 600
2. Human Capital factor: Maximum 500 points as follows,
Applicants who do not take their spouses to Canada will get more points on age, education, language and experience factors as shown below:
Age: 110 or 100 (If 20 to 30 year)
Education: 150 or 140 (If PH.D)
IELTS: 136 or 128 (If 9 Bands)
French: 24 or 22
Experience (Canadian): 80 or 70 (If 5 years or more)
Spouse education: 10
Spouse IELTS: 20
Spouse Work (Canada): 10
3. Skill transferability factor: Maximum 100 points as follows,
Combination of following factors in an applicant
Education & IELTS: 50
Education & Canadian experience: 50
Foreign work & IELTS: 50
Canadian work & foreign work: 50
Trade certification & IELTS: 50
Notes: A qualifying job offer means: an offer of full time permanent job offer for Professional, Skilled or Technical occupation from a Canadian employer which is approved by Department of Employment & Social Development based on occupation’s supply and demand forecast or outlook.
Caution ! This article is just a snap shot and an example of maximum points scored by an ideal, top ranking candidate. The express entry point system is much more complicated. The applicants are advised to be very careful while applying or they must seek expert guidance.