Canada’s Express entry immigration point system

Author: Parminder Singh, J.D. Juris Doctor (Canada)

This immigration program is starting on January 1, 2015. Applicants who filed under older program will be assessed under older rules.

The express entry program will rank candidates from all other eligible programs according to a 1200 point scale. The ranking list of candidates will be posted on Canada job bank website from where the employers may pick the candidates for job offers.The express entry program will target,

  1. Federal Skilled workers (FSW)
  2. Federal Skilled trade workers (FST)
  3. Canadian Experience class workers (CEC)
  4. Provincial Nominees (PNP), Only if a province wishes to provide provincial nomination to applicants from express entry pool)

Eligibility for entry into express entry ranking system

  • Minimum eligibility criteria, in a nutshell: Applicants must meet minimum criteria of respective programs such as Federal skilled Worker Class, Federal Skilled Trade Class, Canadian experience class, and Provincial Nominee class, to be eligible for entry into express entry ranking pool.
  • Minimum points: Required 67 out of 100 points for FSW class to enter express entry ranking pool. No points required for FST and CEC class but following criteria must be met.
  • Minimum IELTS: IELTS general 6 bands in each component for Federal skilled worker class and 5 bands for Federal skilled trade class (5L, 5S, 3.5R, 4W). If applying under Canadian experience class, there is no requirement for education assessment, however the IELTS requirement remains according to the occupation (for technical occupations 5 bands overall, for professional occupations 6 bands in each component)
  • Education evaluation: All applicants and their spouses will not be able to apply for this program without IELTS general and without their Education Assessment by an authorized organization (Education assessment not required for Federal skilled trade class and Canadian Experience class applicants).These processes take time, therefore, applicants and their spouses should start theses processes under expert guidance without delay.
  • Eligible occupations: All occupations in O, A and B categories of National Occupation Classification are eligible for express entry pool. However, since all occupations are not listed in FSW and FST classes, it might be difficult to get LMIA for all occupations. All occupations mentioned in Federal skilled worker class and  Federal skilled trade class are eligible if applying under these categories. If applying under Canadian experience class, certain occupations are not eligible. Check before applying. Students who obtained Ph.d from Canada are eligible if they apply within 1 year of completion of Ph.d in Canada or when they are in their last semester.
  • Minimum experience: 1 year in the last 10 years in an eligible occupation under Federal Skilled worker class. 2 year in an eligible occupation under Federal skilled trade class in last 5 years. 1 year within the last 3 years under Canadian experience class.
  • Job offer: Required a qualifying Job offer under FST class for 1 year from one or two employers. No requirement for qualifying job offer for FSW and CEC class but highly recommended to rank higher on express entry ranking pool (because 600 points out of 1200 points are given for a qualifying job offer alone).
  • Minimum Settlement funds: Funds requirements as per each individual program such as: FSW, FST, CEC and PNP e.g FSW program requires approximately $11,000 for one person, $13,000 for 2 persons and so on. However, there is no settlement fund requirement for FST program.

Express Entry Pool: Main Features

  • Total Points 1200: 600 points for Qualifying job offer or Provincial nomination from Canada; and 600 points for rest of the factors such as age, experience, education, Language
  • Express entry system does not tell how many points are required to qualify or which occupations will qualify under it. It does, however, tells applicants must meet all the requirements of programs under which they are applying.
  • This system tells how many total points are assigned to each factor for ranking
  • Once the applicants are eligible to apply for express entry, the Applicants will be ranked according to points they achieve on the express entry selection point grid.
  • After their ranking, if the applicants do not already have a job offer, they will be asked to register on the Canadian job bank website so that Canadian employers may offer them job
  • This system will not prioritize applications on first come first served basis, rather this system is rank based
  • Those who rank higher than the others will be given invitation to apply for Canadian PR
  • Government will keep picking high ranking applicants periodically over a year’s time until the quota is full. The date, occupations and quota of applications will be published prior to picking up applicants periodically.
  • The system will maintain rank based profiles of all applicants for 1 year on the Canadian job bank website for their selection by the Canadian employers. Once the quota of spots is filled in a particular skill category, that skill category will be closed, and other skill categories will remain open for 1 year.
  • The express entry program is fast track Canada PR program, in which processing takes only 6 months
  • The express entry point system is unnecessarily complicated but in a way simple for being online and fast
  • The express entry point system encourages single applicants by giving them more points than the married applicants
  • The express entry system favours those who have a job offer from Canada or provincial nomination from a Canadian province

Total points: 1200 maximum as follows,

  1. Canadian “Qualifying Job offer” or provincial nomination: 600 points
  2. 500 for Human Capital factor: 500 points
  3. 100 for Skill Transferability factor:100 points

Example of a perfect scoring applicant: The following points will be given to an applicant who scores perfect score on age, education, IELTS, French, Experience, Job offer etc.

1. Canadian “Qualifying Job offer” or Provincial nomination factor: maximum 600 points

Canadian Job offer:             600

or Provincial Nomination:     600

2. Human Capital factor: Maximum 500 points as follows,

Applicants who do not take their spouses to Canada will get more points on age, education, language and experience factors as shown below:

Age:                                       110 or 100 (If 20 to 30 year)

Education:                              150 or 140 (If PH.D)

IELTS:                                    136 or 128 (If 9 Bands)

French:                                   24 or 22

Experience (Canadian):          80 or 70 (If 5 years or more)

Spouse education:                  10

Spouse IELTS:                        20

Spouse Work (Canada):          10

3. Skill transferability factor: Maximum 100 points as follows,

Combination of following factors in an applicant

Education & IELTS:                                   50

Education & Canadian experience:           50

Foreign work & IELTS:                              50

Canadian work & foreign work:                  50

Trade certification & IELTS:                       50

Notes: A qualifying job offer means: an offer of full time permanent job offer for Professional, Skilled or Technical occupation from a Canadian employer which is approved by Department of Employment & Social Development based on occupation’s supply and demand forecast or outlook.

Caution ! This article is just a snap shot and an example of maximum points scored by an ideal, top ranking candidate. The express entry point system is much more complicated. The applicants are advised to be very careful while applying or they must seek expert guidance.

Canada PR through New Brunswick Nominee Program

Author: Parminder Singh LL.B (Canada)

New Brunswick is one of the 10 Canadian provinces. The province nominates individuals for Canada PR status to deal with its critical work force shortages. The process involves 2 applications: Provincial Nomination application and Federal immigration application.

There are 3 ways to immigrate to Canada under the New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)

1. Skilled Workers with Employer Support

To qualify, an Applicant must score at least 50 points on a self-assessment criteria (based on age, education, experience, language ability, and adaptability), and they must:

  • Be between 22 and 55 year old
  • Have a mandatory IELTS score of 4.5 bands, if applying under skill type C and D (low-skilled workers)
  • Have a minimum grade 12 education
  • Have a diploma or degree required to fulfill job duties
  • Have an intention to live and work in New Brunswick
  • Have a job offer from New Brunswick employer who is in business for at least a year
  • Have a job offer from one of the following categories of National Occupation Classification (NOC) :

Skill levels O, A, B

Skill level C, Skill type 1, 3, 7, 8, 9

Skill level D, Skill type 1, 3, 7, 8, 9

Notes:

  • Applicants under Skill type C and D categories must have been working for the same employer for one year prior to the submission of application
  • Only those skill types are eligible that have a labour shortage indicated by employers genuine efforts to recruit local workers as well as job market trends of HRSDC
  • There is no appeal process
  • No response is given for status updates by New Brunswick Immigration
  • Meeting criteria does not guarantee acceptance. Priority is given to those applicants who have greatest potential of becoming economically established in New Brunswick

Find jobs in New Brunswick using our job search page

2. Skilled Workers with Family Support

To be eligible, an applicant must,

  • Be between 22 and 50 years old
  • Be close relative of a Canadian PR or Citizen who is New Brunswick resident (Child, grandchild, son, daughter, brother, sister, nephew, niece)
  • Have at least 4.5 bands in IELTS
  • Have a diploma or degree of at least 2 and 3 years duration respectively
  • Have Education, training or license required by his job duties
  • Have 2 years’ experience in the last 5 years in one of the following NOC skill type jobs:
  •  Skill levels O, A, B
  • Skill level C, Category 1, 3, 7, 8, 9
  •  Skill level D, Category 1, 3, 7, 8, 9

The applicant’s relative must,

  • Have been living in New Brunswick for at least a year
  • Support only one relative at a time unless he is a parent supporting more than one child at a time
  • Have been operating a business for a year or Have a job in the following NOC levels:
  • • Skill levels O, A, B
  • • Skill level C, Category 1, 3, 7, 8, 9

Business Applicants

NOTE: Temporary pause for application intake effective September 06, 2013

To qualify, an applicant must score at least 50 points on a self-assessment criteria (based on age, education, business experience, language ability, and adaptability), and must:

  • Have a net worth of $300,000 to finance the planned business venture
  • Make an investment of at least $125,000 in a New Brunswick business
  • Make a good faith deposit of $75,000 with the New Brunswick immigration which will be refunded after the applicant has fulfilled the condition of establishing a business in New Brunswick within 2 years
  • Have 3 years of experience in the last 5 years as a manager and/or business owner which is connected to business activity in New Brunswick
  • Be between 22 and 55 year old
  • Have sufficient language skills and be willing to write IELTS, if required
  • Have minimum grade 12 education
  • Be willing to sign an agreement to settle permanently in New Brunswick
  • Be able to support his family for a period of two years
  • Complete an exploratory visit to New Brunswick to gain knowledge about local business environment.
  • Have submitted an approved business plan

Notes

Refund of $75,000 deposit

If the condition of establishing a business have been met and an investment of 125,000 have been made in a New Brunswick business, the applicant will receive the refund of $75,000 deposit.

A partial refund of up to $30,000 is possible after a year, if the applicant has invested at least $65,000 into a New Brunswick business

If the condition of establishing a business has not been met in 2 years, the government will keep the $75,000 deposit money. If the applicant is not granted Permanent resident status, the government will return the deposit without interest.

Canada PR through Nova Scotia Nominee Program (PNP)

Author; Parminder Singh LL.B (Canada)

Nova Scotia is one of the 10 Canadian provinces. The province of Nova Scotia nominates individuals for Canada PR status to deal with its critical work force shortages. The process involves 2 applications: Provincial Nomination application and Federal immigration application.

Under the Nova Scotia Nominee Program (PNP), an applicant may be eligible for Canada PR status under one of seven categories:

Regional Labour Market Demand stream: No job offer required

Opening on February 28, 2014, applications intake will start on March 6, 2014

The following occupations do not require a job offer to qualify for Nova Scotia Nominee Program: http://novascotiaimmigration.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/In-Demand-List-of-Occupations.pdf

To qualify, an applicant must,

  • Be 21 to 55 years old
  • Have minimum grade 12 education and at least a year’s diploma or certificate
  • Have IELTS 4 bands in reading and 5 bands each in listening, speaking and writing. An applicant can also prove language proficiency by indicating that his studies or work was done in English medium.
  • Have at least 2 years of continuous full time experience in the related job in last 5 years
  • Have required funds to settle in Canada

For more information, check this link:

http://novascotiaimmigration.com/immigrate/immigrateregional-labour-market-demand/

Skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers

To qualify, an applicant must have,

  • A job offer from a Nova Scotia employer preferably in skill type O, A or B of NOC Matrix
  • Mandatory 4.5 bands in IELTS for skill type C and D
  • Optional 5 bands for skill type O, A and B
  • Be 21 to 55 years old
  • At least a year’s experience in the related job in last 5 years
  • 6 months work with Nova Scotia employer for skill type C and D
  • Minimum education grade 12
  • Appropriate education and certifications for the job and a plan to acquire licensing for the job, if required
  • Intention to reside in Nova Scotia proven by residence, employment, visits, study, business activity, social and family connections

Notes:

  • Priority is given to higher skill types O, A and B
  • Priority is also given to employers who have made genuine efforts to recruit Canadians before hiring foreign workers (LMO, Job postings on newspapers and government job bank sites, Job market trends or industry reports on work force shortages can serve as proof)
  • For skill type D, the applicant must have strong support from his employer such as provision of immigration fees, language and career training plans, accommodation etc.
  • Nova Scotia immigration looks at Job market outlook in deciding cases
  • The employers must be registered in Nova Scotia and be in business for 2 years
  • No government fees for Provincial Nomination
  • There is no dead line for the applications
  • Processing time is up to 2 months for Provincial nomination applications. Federal processing time depends upon the visa post where the applicant resides

Family Business Workers

To qualify, an applicant must have,

  • A job offer from a Nova Scotia employer who is a close relative (Child, grandchild, son, daughter, brother, sister, nephew, niece)
  • Mandatory 4.5 bands in IELTS for skill type C of  NOC Matrix
  • Optional 5 bands for skill type O, A and B of NOC Matrix
  • An age between 21 and 55 years
  • Sufficient work experience or transferable skills for the job
  • Minimum grade 12 education
  • Appropriate education and certifications for the job and a plan to acquire licensing for the job, if required
  • Intention to reside in Nova Scotia proven by residence, employment, visits, study, business activity, social and family connections

Notes:

  • Priority is given to higher skill types O, A and B
  • Priority is also given to employers who have made genuine efforts to recruit Canadians before hiring foreign workers
  • Currently, skill type D is not eligible
  • Skill type C trades eligible only on case by case basis. Nova Scotia immigration will look at Job market trends in deciding whether the applicant’s trade or skill type is in demand or not
  • The employers must be registered in Nova Scotia and be in business for 2 years
  • Family members can only sponsor one relative every 2 years
  • No government fees for Provincial Nomination
  • There is no dead line for the applications
  • Processing time is up to 2 months for Provincial nomination applications. Federal processing time depends upon the visa post where the applicant resides
  • The licensing requirements to be fulfilled by the applicant, if applicable, for the job

Community Stream

To qualify, an applicant must,

  • Have strong and long established connections to a Nova Scotia community through relative, social group recognized by Nova Scotia Immigration, business or friend
  • Grade 12 education and at least a year’s post-secondary diploma required by the community
  • Be employable and have ability to contribute to economy of the specific community.
  • Mandatory IELTS 4.5 bands for Skill type C
  • Optional IELTS 5 bands for skill type O, A or B
  • Be 21 to 55 years old
  • Have a year’s experience in the related job the last 5 years
  • Have worked for 6 months in Nova Scotia, if applying under skill type C

Notes:

  • Currently, skill type D is not eligible
  • Priority is given to higher skill types O, A and B of NOC Matrix
  • Job market trends are considered for the skill type in deciding whether the applicant’s trade or skill type is in demand or not
  • An applicant need not have a job before applying but he must research employers, community and jobs before applying
  • No government fees for Provincial Nomination
  • Processing time is up to 2 months. Federal processing time depends upon the visa post where the applicant resides

International Graduate Stream (Currently Closed)

Non-dependent Children of Nova Scotia Nominees Stream (Currently Closed)

Agri-Food Sector Stream (Currently Closed)

Find employment in Nova Scotia using our job search page

Canada PR through Northwest Territories Nomination Program

 Author: Parminder Singh LL.B (Canada)

Although not a province, the Northwest territory is one of three federally administered areas of Canada. The process for immigration under Northwest Territory Nominee Program is a 2-step process. First the application is submitted to the Northwest Territory for nomination and then the application goes to the Canada Immigration at the Canadian visa post in the applicant’s country of residence.

The Northwest Territory nominates three types of applicants for Canada PR status:

  1. Skilled Workers
  2. Unskilled workers
  3. Business

1. The Skilled Worker Category

Eligibility

An applicant must:

  • Have a job offer from a qualifying Northwest Territories employer in skill type O, A or B, in the National Occupational Classification Matrix (NOC);
  • Have the required certification for the trade or occupation; Have a license or be accepted by the Territorial body governing the occupation or trade, if applicable;

The employer must:

  • Have been registered and in operation for at least a year;
  • Show that they tried to recruit a Canadian citizen or permanent resident for the job vacancy; and obtain a Labour Market Opinion (LMO) from Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC).
  • Be registered with Worker’s Compensation board

2. Unskilled or semi-skilled workers (The Critical Impact Worker Category)

Eligibility

An applicant must:

  • Have a job offer from a Northwest Territories employer
  • Have a temporary work permit and have worked in the position in the Northwest Territories for 6 months;
  • Show sufficient financial supports or settlement supports in the Northwest Territories;
  • Have the required work experience for the occupation;
  • Have English ability as follows: Listening 4.5, Reading 3.5, Writing 4, speaking 4

Note:

The job offer must be in Hospitality or Service sector in the skill type C or D in NOC matrix

The employer must:

  • Have been registered for at least six months;
  • Be in good standing with the Employment Standards Office; and
  • Obtain a Labour Market Opinion (LMO )from Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC).

3. The  Business Category (Entrepreneur)

To be Eligible, an applicant must,

  • Have a net worth of $500,000 (for Yellowknife city), or a net worth of $250,000 ( for out of Yellowknife);
  • Invest $300,000 in the Yellowknife area, or invest $150,000 out of Yellowknife area;
  • Deposit $75,000 with the government to be released after the terms of business set up have been fulfilled;
  • Have the experience and education for their business venture.

The Business Category (Self-Employed Professionals)

To be eligible, an applicant must:

  • Have a profession or occupation that has been listed as a professional skill shortage in the Northwest Territories;
  • Fulfill certification requirements for the profession or occupation;
  • Be licensed or accepted by the body governing the profession, if applicable;
  • Have financial resources to start and operate the professional practice and to support himself and his family for a period of six months

 

Canada PR through BC Provincial Nominee Program

Author: Parminder Singh LL.B (Canada)

There are 3 ways to immigrate to Canada through BC PNP program

1. Employment based Immigration
2. International Post Graduates Pilot Project
3. Business based Immigration

1. Employment based Immigration

Salient features

  • Fast Track Canada PR processing
  • All occupations require a job offer from a BC employer
  • Unskilled or Semi skilled trades in tourism, food processing and long haul trucking are also eligible
  • Nurses, doctors and midwives are eligible
  • All unskilled or semi-skilled occupations from NOC Matrix C or D are eligible in Northeast Development Region of BC
  • All skilled occupations from O, A or B levels of NOC Matrix are eligible if their outlook is positive as per HRSDC’s Job market trends

There are 4 types of workers who are eligible under this category

  1. Skilled Workers
  2. International Graduates
  3. Health Professionals
  4. Unskilled and Semi-skilled workers

1. Skilled Workers

ELIGIBILITY

The applicant MUST have

  • Skill Type 0, A and B of the NOC Matrix  (Managers, Professionals or Skilled workers)
  • A job offer from a BC employer
  • A job offer for which  outlook is positive as per HRSDC’s Job market trends

Notes:

  • All skill types of O, A or B level of NOC Matrix are eligible provided they have positive outlook as per HRSDC’s Job market trends
  • Unique and specialized skills required by BC employers are taken into consideration while assessing outlook for these skill types

2. International Graduates

ELIGIBILITY

The applicant MUST have

  • Skill Type 0, A and B of the NOC Matrix
  • A Diploma or degree from BC or another Canadian province of at least a year’s duration
  • A Job offer from a BC employer

Notes:

  • No Previous work experience is required,
  • skill type C and D is also eligible if the employer can demonstrate that the applicant will progress towards skill type O, A or B and the applicant can demonstrate a 4.5 bands ( 4.5 Listening, 3.5 reading, 4 Speaking, 4 writing)  )in IELTS for skill type C and D

3. Health Professionals

ELIGIBILITY

The applicants MUST be

  • Registered Nurses
  • Midwives
  • Physicians

Notes:

  • Nurses must be registered, or be eligible for registration, with the College of Registered Nurses of BC or the College of Registered Psychiatric Nurses of BC.
  • Nurses must have a job offer and be recruited by provincial health authorities administered through placement agency Health Match BC
  • Physicians must have practiced in BC on a work permit for at least nine months
  • Physicians must have a job offer and be recruited by provincial health authorities administered through placement agency Health Match BC
  • Midwives must be eligible for registration with the College of Midwives of British Columbia.
  • Midwives must provide a Letter of Confirmation from an established practice group in British Columbia confirming their acceptance for a period of at least six months. This letter is required in place of the Job Offer.

4. Unskilled and Semi-Skilled Workers

This category is intended to address critical and persistent labour shortages and to support the export oriented economy of the province of BC

The Entry Level and Semi-Skilled category of the NOC Matrix C or D includes:

  • All over BC province, applicants in the NOC Matrix C or D occupations in tourism/hospitality, food processing and long-haul trucking are eligible
  • Only in the Northeast Development Region of BC, the applicants in all occupations under NOC Matrix C or D are eligible under the two-year (ending in March 2014) Northeast Pilot Project, intended to support critical labour shortages.

ELIGIBILITY

The Applicant must have

  • Proof of basic English IELTS (4.5 Listening, 3.5 Reading, 4 Speaking, 4 Writing)
  • 12 years of education
  • A job offer from a BC employer
  • Been working for a BC employer for 9 months in the occupations of
  1. Tourism and Hospitality; Long Haul Trucking; Food Processing or
  2. Any NOC C or D skill type in the Northeast Development Region

Notes:

2. International Post Graduates Pilot Project

Masters or PH.D degree holders from BC

ELIGIBILITY

The applicant MUST have

  • Fulfilled the requirements for master’s or PH.D degree but need to have the degree before applying
  • Intention to settle in BC (indicated by connections to BC through family, friends, employment and stay in BC)
  • Ability to economically establish in BC (indicated by job prospects, funds etc.)
  • Studied natural, applied or health sciences. This includes, but not limited to, programs in the following fields of study:
  1. Agriculture
  2. Physical Sciences
  3. Biological and Biomedical Sciences
  4. Health Professions and Related Clinical Sciences
  5. Mathematics and Statistics
  6. Computer Sciences
  7. Engineering
  8. Natural Resources Conservation and Research

Notes:

  • Distance learning programs done while residing out of BC are not eligible.
  • The applicants should apply for federal post graduate work permits while their BC PNP applications are under process so that they may remain in Canada during the processing of their BC PNP applications and ultimately their Canada PR applications

FAQ: How to find jobs in BC ?

Answer: Click here. For health occupations such as Nurses and Doctors, the BC PNP only accepts job offers received through the placement agency Health Match BC

Canada PR through Manitoba Provincial Nomination Program

Author: Parminder Singh, LL.B (Canada)

Note: For current information on Manitoba Skilled Worker Overseas immigration program, see our article dated 19 May 2015 and for Skilled Worker in Manitoba or Canada, check our article dated 26 May 2015

Note: For current information on Manitoba rules program, see our Manitoba article dated June 21, 2014

Manitoba is one of Canada’s 10 provinces. Manitoba Provincial Nomination Program (MPNP) is a two-step process. In the first step, the application is submitted to the Manitoba immigration, which is responsible for an applicant’s nomination for Canada PR status. In the second step, the application is submitted to the Canadian Federal Immigration department which is responsible for verifying an applicant’s documents and his medical and security checks.

There are two ways to Immigration to Canada thorough Manitoba Immigration Nominee Program

  1. International Students Graduates or Workers who have been working in Manitoba for at least 6 months
  2. Skilled workers overseas

Salient features

  • Anyone  who has remained in Manitoba as a student for a year or has worked there for 6 months may be eligible to immigrate to Canada
  • Anyone who does not have a  connection to Manitoba either through a relative or a friend or through work or study in Manitoba is not eligible
  • Manitoba immigration works through online and off line submission of applications
  • All communication is done via emails unless requested otherwise
  • Manitoba Immigration does not provide processing times for immigration applications

Point System

An applicant must score 60 points on Manitoba Immigration selection grid and MUST have strong connection to Manitoba either through a relative or a friend or through work or study in Manitoba:

The application is determined based on an applicant’s connection to Manitoba and his potential to economically establish in Manitoba, which is demonstrated through

  1. Connection to Manitoba,
  2. Language ability,
  3. Education and  experience,
  4. Settlement plan and settlement funds

1. Connection to Manitoba

In addition, an applicant MUST have strong connection to Manitoba demonstrated through ONE OR MORE of the following factors

  • Having a close relative in Manitoba
  • Having a distant relative or a friend in Manitoba
  • Having a job offer from Manitoba
  • Having at least a year’s study in Manitoba
  • Having at least 6 months work experience in Manitoba
  • Having an invitation to apply under recruit mission or exploratory visit

2. Language

CLB 4 is required of all applicants, but an applicant must as well demonstrate that he has sufficient language skills for the type of skill category under which he is applying. For example, a doctor cannot be expected to perform his job duties with a score of CLB 4. Hence his application may be refused for lack of language abilities even if he has passed the minimum language threshold of CLB 4 (CLB 4 is equivalent to IELTS Listening 4.5; Speaking 4; writing 4; reading 3.5).

3. Employability

An applicant’s employability is assessed through his education and experience. However, even if an applicant scores 60 points on the selection grid, his application may be refused, if he does not fulfil the licensing requirements of his job in Manitoba.  Hence, all applicants must look into whether or not their professions are licensed, and if so, whether or not they fulfil the licensing requirements of their professions in Manitoba. This does not mean, however,  that applicants must be licensed before entering Manitoba, rather this only means that they must be able to fulfil basic educational and other requirements posted on the website of the regulatory body responsible for the applicants’ profession in Manitoba.

Even if there is no licensing requirement for an applicant’s skilled trade in Manitoba, his application may also still be refused, if the current labour market conditions are negative for his skilled trade. This means that if an applicant is applying under a skilled trade for which Canadian Labour Market does not have positive outlook or demand, the application for Manitoba Nomination may be rejected. The Manitoba immigration draws its conclusions with respect to labour market outlook or future demand as per HRSDC’S (Human Resource and Skill Development Canada)  labour market outlook.

4. Settlement plan and settlement funds

All applicants must write a good settlement plan, demonstrating  that they have ability to adapt to and settle successfully into Manitoba .

An applicant must demonstrate that he has stronger ties to Manitoba than any other province of Canada.

As well as, he must also establish that he has taken short term and long term steps to integrate into Manitoba labour market. The short term steps could be initiatives taken by an applicant to find a short term job while preparing for licensing examinations for a regulated profession. An applicant must demonstrate that he has taken steps to find a job before landing in Manitoba. This does not, however, mean that he must have a job in hand before landing in Manitoba.

In addition, all applicants MUST also prove that they have at least $10,000 plus $2000 for each dependant family member to survive in Manitoba while looking for a job.

Processing times

Manitoba Immigration does not provide processing times for immigration applications nor do they respond to application status queries.

Review of Refusal Decision

Manitoba immigration’s refusal may be reviewed on certain grounds where the decision was not made according to current rules. The refusal decision cannot be reviewed, if it was solely based on an applicant’s weak connection to Manitoba.  The appeal for review must be made to Manitoba Immigration via email within 60 days of the refusal.

 

 

Quebec Immigration Program

Author: Parminder Singh, LL.B (Canada)

An easier way for Immigration to Canada without a Job offer

Quebec is Canada’s one of the ten Provinces, where French is the dominant language of daily life. With respect to selection of immigrants, the Province of Quebec is the only Province which is independent from the Federal or Central Government of Canada.

The applicants are first issued Quebec Selection Certificate (QSC) by the Quebec immigration. In the 2nd stage, the applicant applies to the Federal Government’s immigration department for Canada PR status. The Federal Government of Canada performs health and security checks and grants admission to the applicant.

An applicant’s intention to settle in Quebec is the decisive factor in obtaining Quebec Selection Certificate and  even after landing in Canada, the applicant must stay in Quebec for at least 1.5 years in order to maintain his Canada PR status.

Quebec immigration program has 5 classes of applicants who are eligible for Immigration to Canada:

  1. Skilled Workers Class[i]
  2. Quebec Experience Class[ii]
  3. Business Class [iii]
  4. Family Class [iv]
  5. Refugees [v]

1. QUEBEC SKILLED WORKERS CLASS

Features

  • Quebec Immigration gives priority processing to the Applicants whose skilled training is on the Quebec Area of Training List.
  •  Job offer from Canada is not necessary as is the case under Provincial Nominee Programs for other Canadian provinces.
  • To qualify for a Quebec Selection Certificate, a single or unmarried applicant must score 49 points. A married applicant must score 57 points.
  • French is not required to apply, if an applicant scores required points. However, it is strongly recommended to learn French.

Quebec Skilled Worker Point Criteria[vi]

  1. Quebec Education/Training criterion: Up to 28 points (Must have 12 years of education, More points for education in Quebec Area of Training occupations)
  2. Validated Employment Offer: Up to 10 points (10 points if job offer is from outside Montreal, 6 points if job offer is in Montreal)
  3. Experience: Up to 8 points (4 points for 6 months experience, 6 points for 2 years or more experience, 8 points for 4 year experience)
  4. Age: Up to 16 points (18-35 years, full 16 points; Deduction of 2 points per year after 35)
  5. Language Proficiency: Up to 22 points (Up to 6 points for English and 16 Points for French); (4 points for 5 bands in listening and speaking, 6 points for 7.5 in listening and 6.5 in speaking; 16 points for High Level in French)
  6. Stay and Family in Quebec: Up to 8 points
  7. Spouse’s Characteristics: Up to 16 points
  8. Children: Up to 8 points ( 4 points for child aged 0-12 years; 2 points for child aged 13-21)
  9. Financial Self-Sufficiency: 1 point (Must sign a contract with the Quebec government that the applicant will have funds for 3 months survival without a work in Quebec, application will be refused without 3 months settlement funds)
  10. Adaptability: Up to an additional 6 points may be awarded for interview. if an interview for Adaptability is conducted, a single applicant must score a minimum of 55 points and a married applicant must score 63 points. Points are awarded according to an applicant’s knowledge of Quebec culture, job market, knowledge of French and rental accommodation.

NOTE: On August 5, 2015 adaptability factor is removed from selection point grid.

2. QUEBEC EXPERIENCE CLASS

Quebec immigration processes applications under these programs within 20 days. This program is for those who have worked or studied in Quebec.

a. Skilled Workers

b. Students

a. SKILLED WORKERS

Eligibility

  • Experience: One year work experience in Quebec in 2 year prior to application for Quebec Immigration.
  • French: Intermediary Level of French language or prove that you have required French proficiency for your job.

b. STUDENTS

Eligibility:

  • Study in Quebec for two years
  • French:  Intermediary level in French if the applicant’s language of instruction during study was not French.
  • No job offer required to qualify for Immigration to Canada as is the case in Federal Canadian Experience class.

3. QUEBEC BUSINESS CLASS

The investor program usually reaches its CAP quickly. Please check before applying whether new applications are being taken. 

  1. Investors
  2. Entrepreneurs
  3. Self Employed individuals

a. INVESTORS

Eligibility

  • Legally obtained net worth property/cash of $1.6 million. Donations 6 months old at the time of application are not accepted.
  • Two year business experience.
  • An applicant must invest $800,000 in a Quebec government investment scheme. The $800000 is refunded after 5 years without an interest. Canadian banks can finance $800,000 against an applicant’s overseas property on a lower interest rate. An applicant need not sell overseas property to to fulfil 800,000 deposit requirement in order to acquire Canada Immigration PR status.

b. ENTREPRENEURS

Eligibility

  • A $300,000 in property/cash
  • Business or Farm management experience: 2 year
  • Ability to purchase a business in Quebec either alone or in partnership with at least 25% share worth at least $100,000. The business must generate one job other than an applicant’s own job.
  • The agricultural entrepreneur is not required to create or maintain full-time employment.
  • An applicant must fulfill this condition for at least one year during the three years after obtaining Canada Immigration PR status.

c. SELF EMPLOYED INDIVIDUALS

Self-employed individuals, as described in National Occupation Classification (NOC), include individuals such as athletes, farmers and artists (Stage, Film, Radio, TV and Fine Art).

Eligibility

a)      A net worth of $100,000

b)      At least 2 year experience in an intended trade

4. QUEBEC FAMILY CLASS

A Canadian citizen or PR living in Quebec can sponsor following close relatives to immigrate to Canada:

  • spouse or common law partner
  • dependent child
  • father, mother, grandfather or grandmother
  • orphaned sibling, nephew/niece and grandchild, who is under the age of 18, and not married or in a live-in relationship
  • an adopted child
  • any relative, regardless of age or degree of relationship, where the Québec resident does not have a spouse or de facto spouse, child, parent, grandparent, sibling, uncle, aunt, nephew or niece.

5. QUEBEC REFUGEE CLASS[vii]

Quebec immigration accepts refugees recognized by the Canadian government from within Canada and from abroad.

Where a foreign national is in the class of foreign nationals in a particularly distressful situation, the Minister may issue the selection certificate if in the Minister’s opinion the foreign national has settled or has ability to settle successfully in Québec .

Under its humanitarian consideration, Quebec may grant a selection certificate to a person in a particularly distressful situation even when a stay on removal orders has been canceled by the Canadian government or a Canadian court.[viii]

Order of Priority[ix]

For all the classes mentioned above, the processing priority is given in the following order:

  1. Family Class (Spouses)
  2. Persons in particularly distressful situations
  3. Quebec Experience Class (Students and workers in Quebec)
  4. Persons with Validated job offers
  5. Skilled Workers Class in the following order (Preferred Area of Training list, Any other skilled worker)
  6. Business Class applicants in the following order (Self-employed, Entrepreneur, Investor)
  7. Family Class (All relatives in family class, except spouses)

REFERENCES

  • (s. 18, 19, 21, 22, 27, 38.1, 38,2), Regulation Respecting the Selection of Foreign Nationals, RRQ, c I-0.2, r 4, retrieved on 2013-03-30,
  • s.1, Regulation respecting the weighting applicable to the selection of foreign nationals, RRQ, c I-0.2, r 2, retrieved on 2013-03-30,
  • An Act respecting immigration to Québec, chapter I-0.2, s. 3.3


[i] s.21, Regulation Respecting the Selection…

[ii] s. 38.1, 38.2,

[iii] s.21,

[iv] s.19,

[v] s.18,

[vi] s. 1, Regulation respecting the weighting…..

[vii] s.18,

[viii] s. 18(c)(d), s.27 (3), s. 27(4.1)

[ix] s.22

 

Canada Immigration PR Guide

 A Concise Guide to Immigration to Canada

Author: Parminder Singh LL.B (Canada)

Immigration to Canada is possible in four ways

  1. Family class
  2. Skilled workers class
  3. Business  class
  4. Refugee class

1. FAMILY CLASS [i]

The following members of family class are eligible to apply for Canada PR status:

  1. Spousal class
  2. Parental class
  3. Adoption class
  4. Other Relatives class
  5. Provincial Nominee class

1. SPOUSAL CLASS

Eligibility: An applicant is eligible for immigration to Canada under spousal class,  if he/she is married to or in a common law relationship with a Canadian Citizen or PR of opposite or same sex.

Processing time: It takes 4 to 6 months in India.

2. PARENTAL CLASS

Eligibility: Parents and grandparents of Canadian citizens or PR are eligible for Canada PR under this class. This program is paused at this time. In the meantime, parents are eligible to visit their children on a visitor visa.

Processing time:  3 years in India.

3. ADOPTION CLASS

Adopted children, under the age of 18, of Canadian Citizen or PR are eligible to immigrate to Canada under this class.

Adopted children over the age of 18 are eligible for sponsorship by a Canadian citizen or PR, if the adoption conforms to the laws of both the sponsor’s country and the sponsored person’s country.

4. OTHER RELATIVES

Eligibility: A Canadian citizen or PR can sponsor his/her

  • Sibling, nephew, niece, grandchild, who is orphaned, under 18 years of age and unmarried; or
  • Any other relative, if the Sponsor does not have any living relative listed above and no relatives living in Canada who are Canadian citizens or PR (spouse, child, parents, grandparents, nephews, nieces, uncle and aunt).  A sponsor is allowed to sponsor  one relative only.

Processing time:  Currently in India, it takes 61 months.

5. PROVINCIAL NOMINEE CLASS (FAMILY STREAM)

The Provincial Family class stream allows siblings, cousins, nephews, nieces, and friends, while Federal Family Class Program only allows spousal and parental sponsorship for Canada PR Status.

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2. SKILLED WORKER CLASS

Skilled workers are eligible for Canada PR status in 5 ways

  1. Federal Skilled Worker Program
  2. Canadian Experience Class
  3. Quebec Experience Class
  4. Provincial Nominee Program
  5. Quebec Skilled Workers Program

1. FEDERAL SKILLED WORKER PROGRAM

The Federal Skilled Workers Program has two Canada Immigration programs

  1. Federal Skilled Worker Class
  2. Federal Skilled Trades Class

1) FEDERAL SKILLED WORKERS CLASS [ii]

There are currently 3 classes under this program:

  1. Priority Occupations
  2. Arranged Employment
  3. Ph.d stream

1. Priority Occupations

Click here for a list of 24 occupations eligible for priority processing (Total 5000 spots, with a sub CAP on each occupation

Eligibility

  • Must be in the list of 24 eligible occupations
  • Minimum one year experience in eligible occupation
  • Minimum 6 bands in each of IELTS components: Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing
  • Educational equivalency assessment of foreign diplomas/degrees from a designated organization designated by Immigration Canada
  • Must score 67 points on the selection points grid

2. Arranged Employment

An applicant is eligible for immigration to Canada, if he meets the following conditions:

  • A Canadian employer has offered him a permanent job, with a Labour Market Opinion (LMO) from Human Resources and Skill Department of Canada (HRSDC) AND
  • the applicant has one year experience in his trade, which falls under skill type O, A or B under  NOC of HRSDC), that, is managerial, professional or technical occupations

3. Ph.d Stream

An applicant is also eligible to apply for Immigration to Canada, if he is a PH.D student in Canada. However, he must apply after 2 years of your PH.D studies or within a year of completion of PH.D.

Processing times: Currently it takes 1 year for processing of Canada PR applications under Arranged Employment Program.

2) FEDERAL SKILLED TRADES CLASS[iii]

Currently, Canada Immigration has 43 occupations that are eligible for fast track Canada PR program.

Canada Immigration’s Criteria to qualify,

  • Experience: minimum 2 years of experience.
  • Job Offer: an offer of employment from one or two Canadian employers of  one year duration with approved LMO from Human Resource Department of Canada.
  • English: IELTS Score: listening and speaking 5 bands, reading 3.5 bands, writing 4 bands.
  • Employment Requirements: an applicant must meet “Employment Requirements” of the HRSDC for his trade or be licensed in Canada.

Processing times: In India it takes under 12 months for processing of Canada PR applications.

2. CANADIAN EXPERIENCE CLASS, CEC [iv]

  1. CEC for Workers
  2. CEC for Students

1. CEC for Workers

A foreign worker can immigrate to Canada on permanent basis under Canadian Experience class.

Eligibility

Work experience: 1 year of work experience in Canada on a work permit

English: IELTS score 5 bands for B skill type of NOC of HRSDC and 6 bands for skill type O or A of NOC of HRSDC.

2. CEC for Students

Eligibility

Study: Completion of at least 2 years of post-secondary study in Canada

Experience: One year of work experience in Canada

This program is not meant for unskilled or semi-skilled workers

3. QUEBEC EXPERIENCE CLASS 

Eligibility (Students): Two years of post-secondary study in Quebec and an intermediate level of French, if the applicant’s language of instruction was not French.

Eligibility (Workers): One year of work experience in last 2 years and intermediate level of French or proof that the applicant meets the language proficiency for the job.

4. PROVINCIAL NOMINEE PROGRAM CLASS (Skilled workers stream)[v]

Skilled Worker Stream

Under Federal Skilled Worker’s Program, a good level of English is required whereas in Provincial Nominee Programs, English is required only at a basic level. The total qualifying points are also less under Provincial Program than the Federal Program.

However, all provinces, except Quebec, require a job offer under skilled worker stream of provincial nominee programs.

Semi-Skilled Worker Stream

Under PNP, the workers with semi-skilled categories are also eligible for Immigrating to Canada on permanent basis. These semi-skilled categories include Food Servers, Cleaners, Hotel Front Desk staff, Long Haul Truck Drivers, Bakers and Industrial Meat cutters.

The English language requirement is low. An applicant must have a job offer in order to be eligible.

Masters and Ph.d student stream

Under provincial nominee programs of some provinces, such as Ontario, the Master’s and  Ph.D degree holders from Canadian universities are eligible to apply for Canada PR status while they are in their last semesters or within two years of completion of their degrees. At the time of application, they must have legal status in Canada and be residing in the province where they apply for Canada immigration status.

No job is required to be eligible. There is a CAP of 1000 applicant per year in Ontario for this stream.

5. QUEBEC SKILLED WORKERS CLASS[vi]

Click the above link for information on Quebec skilled worker program

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3. BUSINESS CLASS [vii]

Immigration to Canada in 4 ways under business class

  1. Investor class
  2. Entrepreneur class
  3. Provincial Nominee class
  4. Quebec Business class

1. INVESTOR CLASS

Canada Immigration has closed Immigration to Canada under Federal Investor class TILL JUNE 2012 because 700 spots for the year 2010-2011 are full now. However, the provincial INVESTOR CLASSES are still open IN SOME PROVINCES.

Eligibility for Immigration to Canada under FEDERAL INVESTOR CLASS,

  1. Two years of business experience as an owner or manager and
  2. A net worth of $1.6 million.

An applicant must deposit $800,000 with the Canadian government’s investment program for 5 years. The Canadian government returns this money after 5 years without an interest.

Some government approved Canadian banks provide financing for $800,000 against an applicant’s property abroad. If an applicant is able to deposit $220,000 with the selected Canadian bank for 5 years without an interest, the bank  will finance $800,000 against the applicant’s  property abroad.

In other words,  if an applicant has $1.6 million of net worth, he need not sell all his assets in order to pay off $800,000; rather he only  pays $220,000 to the Canadian bank. Briefly, if an applicant has a cash flow of $220,000 plus two years of business experience, he and his family can qualify for Immigration to Canada.

2. ENTREPRENEUR CLASS

Entrepreneur class is divided in 2 parts

  1. Entrepreneurs
  2. Self-employed individuals

1. Entrepreneurs

Immigration to Canada under entrepreneur category is possible, if an individual

  1. has a net worth of  CAD$300,000 and
  2. has ability to invest in or acquire a Canadian business which will create employment in Canada.

2. Self Employed Persons

Canada PR status  is granted under self-employed class,  if an individual is able to support him/herself and any dependents with his self-employed income as a

  1. Farmer
  2. Athlete or
  3. Artists (Radio, TV, Stage, Film and other artisans)

Processing times: Currently, the processing times are 35 months for investor category and 84 months for entrepreneur class.

3. PROVINCIAL NOMINEE CLASS (Business/Farming/Investor Stream)

Under Federal Investor’s and farming business programs, a net worth of $1.6 million is required, but under the Provincial Nominee Program it is in the range of  $300,000 to $800,000, depending upon the province. See an example of Saskatchewan Business Class Immigration.

4. QUEBEC BUSINESS CLASS

Click the above link to know

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4. REFUGEE CLASS [viii]

Canada immigration has obligation under domestic and International law to accept refugees who are fleeing their countries because of fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, gender, political beliefs or membership in a particular social group, such as being a woman, gay or lesbian.

The refugee claim can be made from within Canada as well as from outside Canada. The process for refugee claims made outside, which is described in other article, is different from the claims made from within Canada, which is the subject matter of the present article.

Once a person puts his foot in Canada and claims refugee protection, he or she cannot be deported from Canada until the resolution of his claim by the Immigration & Refugee Board (IRB).

The applicant has to show at least 3 personal incidents of persecution or incidents of persecution to persons in his situation or persons related to him.

After the acceptance of refugee claim by the IRB, the applicant is eligible to apply for Canada PR status.

If the refugee claim is rejected, the applicant can challenge in the  the Federal Court of Canada. The process takes a year but in many cases may take longer.

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REFERENCES

Immigration and Refugee Protection Act RegulationsRegulations R-75, 86, 87, 87.1, 87.2, 88, 90, 97, 100, 116, 138


[i] R116: Family Class

[ii] R75: Federal Skilled Worker Class

[iii] R 87.2: Federal Skilled Trade Class

[iv] R 87.1: Canadian Experience Class

[v] R 87: Provincial Nominee Class

[vi] R86: Quebec Skilled Worker Class

 [vii] R 88, 90, 97, 100: Business Class (Investors, Entrepreneurs, Self-employed persons)

[viii] R138: Refugee Class

Quebec experience class: s. 38.1, 38.2, Regulation Respecting the Selection of Foreign Nationals, RRQ, c I-0.2, r 4