Important changes to Quebec Immigration on Aug 5, 2015

Author: Parminder Singh LL.B, J.D (Canada)

Quebec Immigration has  announced very important changes to selection of skilled workers on August 5, 2015. The changes will be applicable to all applications received after Aug 5, 2015 as well all applications received prior to this date for which no decision has been rendered yet.

Modifications to the selection grid for skilled workers: the “adaptability” factor is no longer considered in the evaluation

As per the above announcement, the qualifying points for a for a single applicant would be 49 and the qualifying points for a married applicant would be 57. Six  points for adaptability interview are removed from Quebec point selection criteria for all applicants who apply after August 05, 2015 or who have applied before this date but have not received a decision on their application yet.

In our view, even the applicants who have been given an interview date will not be awarded points for interview since interview call does not mean that a decision has been made. However, if a decision was rendered immediately after conducting an interview, the appoints will be awarded points for adaptability interview. Regardless of the changes in the rules, if you have received an interview call and the interview is not revoked yet, you should keep preparing for the interview as the government can still reject your case if they determine that you do not intend to reside in Quebec based on your lack of knowledge of Quebec and French language.

Previously, the qualifying points for a single applicant were 49, but with adaptability interview the qualifying points for a single applicant were 55. Similarly, the qualifying points for married applicant were 57 but with adaptability interview, the qualifying points for married applicant were 63.

Since the factor of adaptability is removed, the qualifying points are 49 and 57 for single and married applicants respectively.

This does not mean the government cannot conduct interview. This only means the government cannot award points for interview. If the government feels the application is fraudulent or needs some clarifications, they can call for an interview and reject the case if they are not satisfied with the applicant’s explanations or evidence in support of his application.

In the former rules, the government could merely reject an applicant’s application, if the government felt that the applicant would not be able to adapt to Quebec life because of lack of French language ability or  knowledge of Quebec culture. Not all candidates were called for interview but those who were called they required 55 and 63 points to qualify respectively for single and married candidates. Generally, if a single candidate scored 55 points without an interview, he would not be called for an adaptability interview. These rules are now deleted from the legislation.

If you score 49 points as a single candidate, you qualify provided you intend to stay in Quebec.

If you score 57 points as a married candidate, you qualify provided you intend to stay in Quebec.

In order to prove your intention to stay in Quebec, you should undertake several measures, such as learning about Quebec and its language, culture, rental and job market.

Advantages of studying in Quebec & Manitoba

Parminder Singh, LL.B, J.D. Juris Doctor (Canada)

Advantages of studying in Quebec & Manitoba

  • Become eligible for Canadian PR without a job offer after earning 1 or 2 year diploma in Quebec or Manitoba
  • Save $25,000 to $50,000 dollars in fees and become eligible for Canadian PR status after 1 year of study in Quebec and Manitoba

In most Canadian provinces, a student is eligible for Canadian PR after finishing a degree or diploma program in a Canadian institution provided he gets a job offer from a Canadian employer or after finishing a year of work in Canada. This route to Canadian PR is risky as there might not be a job offer available from a Canadian employer after finishing study program. This route is also expensive as shown below.

Except Manitoba and Quebec, in most Canadian provinces, an applicant needs a job offer or a year’s work experience in Canada to become eligible for Canadian PR.

Rather than doing a 4 year degree on international fee in other Canadian Provinces, the following 1 or 2 year Quebec diplomas holders are eligible for Canadian PR. Save thousands of dollars in fees and become eligible for Canadian PR much earlier without taking the risk of obtaining a job offer from a Canadian employer.

This is not to say that students should not pursue their ambitious and lengthy academic programs, rather this is to suggest that studies on international fees is extremely expensive. As such, students can pursue their ambitious studies on domestic fees after becoming Canadian PR. This will not only save thousands of dollars in fee but it will also make them eligible for Canadian PR and its resultant benefits such as free health care, free high school education, retirement pension and much more.

Not all diplomas are eligible for Canadian PR. The diplomas that have good future outlook in Quebec are eligible. The Quebec immigration announces list of trades which will be eligible for Canadian PR. The first list was published in 2009, the 2nd in 2013 and the 3rd in 2015. According to the list, there are 3 types of trades:  A, B and C

Trades in A category are given 16 points
Trades in B category are given 12 pints
Trades in C category are given 6 points

Diploma course name, duration, average hourly salary with good current & future outlook follows hereunder:

Quebec 2013 list (1 to 2 year diplomas)

  • Retail butchery, 1 year, $18
  • Food & Beverage Servers, 1 year, $14
  • Home care assistant, 1 year, $12
  • Health care assistant, 1 year, $18
  • Cable & Circuit assembly, 1 year, $32
  • Mason, 1 year, $26
  • Pharmacy assistant, 1.5 year, $18
  • Professional cooking, 2 year, $16
  • Computer support, 2 year, $22
  • Machining techniques, 2 year, $22
  • Refrigeration, 2 year, $30
  • Dental assistant, 2 year, $18
  • And many more
  • IMPORTANT ! Please note that the Quebec Immigration’s new 2015 list of occupations in demand has been released, which does not include some of the above mentioned occupations: In the current 2015 list, the following diplomas are in A and B category and their duration is 1 to 2 year

Quebec 2015 list (1 to 2 year diplomas)

“A” category diplomas

  • Agricultural Mechanics (DVS)
  • Construction Machine Mechanics (DVS)
  • Diemaking (AVS)
  • Flight Dispatch (DVS)
  • Health, Assistance, and Nursing (DVS)
  • Heavy Road Equipment Mechanics (DVS)
  • Mould Making (AVS)
  • Ore Extraction (DVS)
  • Stationary Machine Mechanics (DVS)
  • Tool-making (AVS)

“B” Category diplomas

  • Automated Systems Electromechanics (DVS)
  • Automobile Mechanics (DVS)
  • Boilermaking (DVS)
  • Dental Assistance (DVS)
  • Drilling and Dynamiting (DVS)
  • Fire Protection Mechanics (DVS)
  • Fire Safety Techniques (DVS)
  • Home Care (DVS)
  • Industrial Drafting (DVS)
  • Installation and Maintenance of Security Systems (DVS)
  • Installation of Electrical Transmission Lines (DVS)
  • Machining Techniques (DVS)
  • Motorized Equipment Customer Consultation (DVS)
  • Moulding Machine Set-up and Operation (DVS)
  • Photography (DVS)
  • Plumbing and Heating (DVS)
  • Residential and Commercial Drafting (DVS)
  • Retail Butchery (DVS)
  • Sheet Metal Work (DVS)
  • Smelting (DVS)
  • Surveying and Topography (DVS)
  • Tiling (DVS)
  • Welding and Fitting (DVS)
  • and many more

“B category” university degrees

  • Business administration and
  • many more…….

Currently a Quebec university degree in Business administration is also in demand in Quebec state and prospects of getting permanent residence are very good with this degree. Since the degree will take 4 years to complete, it is not certain that the demand will remain constant.

How can these diplomas make an applicant eligible for Canadian PR so early and without a job offer?

A Quebec diploma adds additional 6 points and a year’s stay in Quebec adds additional 5 points on the Quebec immigration selection point grid which makes it easier to pass the Quebec immigration point system. However, students should select their diplomas whose future outlook is either good or fair.

Manitoba

In a similar fashion, a student can pursue studies in Manitoba and become eligible for Canadian PR without the need of finding an employer to sponsor his PR application. However, students should select their diplomas whose future outlook is either good or fair.

Manitoba, Winnipeg, 1 year diplomas (Names & Start Dates)

Business administrative assistant, Jan 2015
Medical administrative assistant, May 2015
Culinary arts, Feb 2015
Early childhood education, Aug 2015
Quebec, Montreal, 1 year diplomas
Home care assistant, March 2015
Nursing assistant, Jan, February, March, 2015
Food & beverage service, Jan, Feb 2015
Cable & Circuit assembly, March 2015
Retail butchery
Masonry
Pharmacy assistant 1.5 year, date not known
Computer support technician 1.5 year (will be completed in 1 year), Jan 2015 or 09/15
The difference between Quebec and Manitoba study programs

Quebec offers much more choices in selection of diplomas whereas Manitoba offers few choices as it restricts access to many high demand diplomas to Canadian residents only.

Final word: Students should seek professional assistance in order to save both time and money for their immigration plan. Often a single error is enough to sink the whole immigration plan.

 

 

 

Quebec Experience Class

QUEBEC EXPERIENCE CLASS[i]

Author: Parminder Singh, LL.B (Canada)

Quebec immigration processes applications under these programs within 20 days. Canadian PR status under this program is for those who have worked or studied in Quebec.

a. Skilled Workers

b. Students

a. SKILLED WORKERS

Eligibility

Experience: One year work experience in Quebec in 2 year prior to application for Quebec Immigration.

French: Intermediary Level of French language or prove that you have required French proficiency for your job.

b. STUDENTS

Eligibility:

Study in Quebec for two years

French: Intermediary level in French if the applicant’s language of instruction during study was not French.

No job offer required to qualify as is the case in Federal Canadian Experience class.

REFERENCES

_______________________________________

[i] s. 38.1, 38.2, Regulation Respecting the Selection of Foreign Nationals, RRQ, c I-0.2, r 4

 

 

Quebec Immigration Program

Author: Parminder Singh, LL.B (Canada)

An easier way for Immigration to Canada without a Job offer

Quebec is Canada’s one of the ten Provinces, where French is the dominant language of daily life. With respect to selection of immigrants, the Province of Quebec is the only Province which is independent from the Federal or Central Government of Canada.

The applicants are first issued Quebec Selection Certificate (QSC) by the Quebec immigration. In the 2nd stage, the applicant applies to the Federal Government’s immigration department for Canada PR status. The Federal Government of Canada performs health and security checks and grants admission to the applicant.

An applicant’s intention to settle in Quebec is the decisive factor in obtaining Quebec Selection Certificate and  even after landing in Canada, the applicant must stay in Quebec for at least 1.5 years in order to maintain his Canada PR status.

Quebec immigration program has 5 classes of applicants who are eligible for Immigration to Canada:

  1. Skilled Workers Class[i]
  2. Quebec Experience Class[ii]
  3. Business Class [iii]
  4. Family Class [iv]
  5. Refugees [v]

1. QUEBEC SKILLED WORKERS CLASS

Features

  • Quebec Immigration gives priority processing to the Applicants whose skilled training is on the Quebec Area of Training List.
  •  Job offer from Canada is not necessary as is the case under Provincial Nominee Programs for other Canadian provinces.
  • To qualify for a Quebec Selection Certificate, a single or unmarried applicant must score 49 points. A married applicant must score 57 points.
  • French is not required to apply, if an applicant scores required points. However, it is strongly recommended to learn French.

Quebec Skilled Worker Point Criteria[vi]

  1. Quebec Education/Training criterion: Up to 28 points (Must have 12 years of education, More points for education in Quebec Area of Training occupations)
  2. Validated Employment Offer: Up to 10 points (10 points if job offer is from outside Montreal, 6 points if job offer is in Montreal)
  3. Experience: Up to 8 points (4 points for 6 months experience, 6 points for 2 years or more experience, 8 points for 4 year experience)
  4. Age: Up to 16 points (18-35 years, full 16 points; Deduction of 2 points per year after 35)
  5. Language Proficiency: Up to 22 points (Up to 6 points for English and 16 Points for French); (4 points for 5 bands in listening and speaking, 6 points for 7.5 in listening and 6.5 in speaking; 16 points for High Level in French)
  6. Stay and Family in Quebec: Up to 8 points
  7. Spouse’s Characteristics: Up to 16 points
  8. Children: Up to 8 points ( 4 points for child aged 0-12 years; 2 points for child aged 13-21)
  9. Financial Self-Sufficiency: 1 point (Must sign a contract with the Quebec government that the applicant will have funds for 3 months survival without a work in Quebec, application will be refused without 3 months settlement funds)
  10. Adaptability: Up to an additional 6 points may be awarded for interview. if an interview for Adaptability is conducted, a single applicant must score a minimum of 55 points and a married applicant must score 63 points. Points are awarded according to an applicant’s knowledge of Quebec culture, job market, knowledge of French and rental accommodation.

NOTE: On August 5, 2015 adaptability factor is removed from selection point grid.

2. QUEBEC EXPERIENCE CLASS

Quebec immigration processes applications under these programs within 20 days. This program is for those who have worked or studied in Quebec.

a. Skilled Workers

b. Students

a. SKILLED WORKERS

Eligibility

  • Experience: One year work experience in Quebec in 2 year prior to application for Quebec Immigration.
  • French: Intermediary Level of French language or prove that you have required French proficiency for your job.

b. STUDENTS

Eligibility:

  • Study in Quebec for two years
  • French:  Intermediary level in French if the applicant’s language of instruction during study was not French.
  • No job offer required to qualify for Immigration to Canada as is the case in Federal Canadian Experience class.

3. QUEBEC BUSINESS CLASS

The investor program usually reaches its CAP quickly. Please check before applying whether new applications are being taken. 

  1. Investors
  2. Entrepreneurs
  3. Self Employed individuals

a. INVESTORS

Eligibility

  • Legally obtained net worth property/cash of $1.6 million. Donations 6 months old at the time of application are not accepted.
  • Two year business experience.
  • An applicant must invest $800,000 in a Quebec government investment scheme. The $800000 is refunded after 5 years without an interest. Canadian banks can finance $800,000 against an applicant’s overseas property on a lower interest rate. An applicant need not sell overseas property to to fulfil 800,000 deposit requirement in order to acquire Canada Immigration PR status.

b. ENTREPRENEURS

Eligibility

  • A $300,000 in property/cash
  • Business or Farm management experience: 2 year
  • Ability to purchase a business in Quebec either alone or in partnership with at least 25% share worth at least $100,000. The business must generate one job other than an applicant’s own job.
  • The agricultural entrepreneur is not required to create or maintain full-time employment.
  • An applicant must fulfill this condition for at least one year during the three years after obtaining Canada Immigration PR status.

c. SELF EMPLOYED INDIVIDUALS

Self-employed individuals, as described in National Occupation Classification (NOC), include individuals such as athletes, farmers and artists (Stage, Film, Radio, TV and Fine Art).

Eligibility

a)      A net worth of $100,000

b)      At least 2 year experience in an intended trade

4. QUEBEC FAMILY CLASS

A Canadian citizen or PR living in Quebec can sponsor following close relatives to immigrate to Canada:

  • spouse or common law partner
  • dependent child
  • father, mother, grandfather or grandmother
  • orphaned sibling, nephew/niece and grandchild, who is under the age of 18, and not married or in a live-in relationship
  • an adopted child
  • any relative, regardless of age or degree of relationship, where the Québec resident does not have a spouse or de facto spouse, child, parent, grandparent, sibling, uncle, aunt, nephew or niece.

5. QUEBEC REFUGEE CLASS[vii]

Quebec immigration accepts refugees recognized by the Canadian government from within Canada and from abroad.

Where a foreign national is in the class of foreign nationals in a particularly distressful situation, the Minister may issue the selection certificate if in the Minister’s opinion the foreign national has settled or has ability to settle successfully in Québec .

Under its humanitarian consideration, Quebec may grant a selection certificate to a person in a particularly distressful situation even when a stay on removal orders has been canceled by the Canadian government or a Canadian court.[viii]

Order of Priority[ix]

For all the classes mentioned above, the processing priority is given in the following order:

  1. Family Class (Spouses)
  2. Persons in particularly distressful situations
  3. Quebec Experience Class (Students and workers in Quebec)
  4. Persons with Validated job offers
  5. Skilled Workers Class in the following order (Preferred Area of Training list, Any other skilled worker)
  6. Business Class applicants in the following order (Self-employed, Entrepreneur, Investor)
  7. Family Class (All relatives in family class, except spouses)

REFERENCES

  • (s. 18, 19, 21, 22, 27, 38.1, 38,2), Regulation Respecting the Selection of Foreign Nationals, RRQ, c I-0.2, r 4, retrieved on 2013-03-30,
  • s.1, Regulation respecting the weighting applicable to the selection of foreign nationals, RRQ, c I-0.2, r 2, retrieved on 2013-03-30,
  • An Act respecting immigration to Québec, chapter I-0.2, s. 3.3


[i] s.21, Regulation Respecting the Selection…

[ii] s. 38.1, 38.2,

[iii] s.21,

[iv] s.19,

[v] s.18,

[vi] s. 1, Regulation respecting the weighting…..

[vii] s.18,

[viii] s. 18(c)(d), s.27 (3), s. 27(4.1)

[ix] s.22

 

Quebec Skilled Worker Class

(For a current short list of skills in demand in Quebec, click here)

QUEBEC SKILLED WORKERS CLASS

An easier immigration to Canada option

Features

  • Quebec Immigration gives priority processing to the Applicants whose skilled training is on the Quebec Area of Training List.
  •  Job offer from Canada is not necessary as is the case under Provincial Nominee Programs for other Canadian provinces.
  • To qualify for a Quebec Selection Certificate, a single or unmarried applicant must score 49 points. A married applicant must score 57 points.
  • French is not required to apply, if an applicant scores the required points. However, it is strongly recommended to learn French.

Quebec Skilled Worker Point Criteria[vi]

  1. Quebec Education/Training criterion: Up to 28 points (Must have 12 years of education, More points for education in Quebec Area of Training occupations)
  2. Validated Employment Offer: Up to 10 points (10 points if job offer is from outside Montreal, 6 points if job offer is in Montreal)
  3. Experience: Up to 8 points (4 points for 6 months experience, 6 points for 2 years or more experience, 8 points for 4 year
    experience)
  4. Age: Up to 16 points (18-35 years, full 16 points; Deduction of 2 points per year after 35)
  5. Language Proficiency: Up to 22 points (Up to 6 points for English and 16 Points for French); (4 points for 5 bands in listening and speaking, 6 points for 7.5 in listening and 6.5 in speaking; 16 points for High Level in French)
  6. Stay and Family in Quebec: Up to 8 points
  7. Spouse’s Characteristics: Up to 16 points
  8. Children: Up to 8 points ( 4 points for child aged 0-12 years; 2 points for child aged 13-21)
  9. Financial Self-Sufficiency: 1 point (Must sign a contract with the Quebec government that the applicant will have funds for 3 months survival without a work in Quebec, application will be refused without 3 months settlement funds)
  10. Adaptability: Up to an additional 6 points may be awarded for interview. if an interview for Adaptability is conducted, a single applicant must score a minimum of 55 points and a married applicant must score 63 points. Points are awarded according to an applicant’s knowledge of Quebec culture, job market, knowledge of French and rental accommodation.

NOTE: On August 5, 2015, the adaptability factor is removed from the selection point grid.

Parminder Singh LL.B (Canada)

REFERENCES


[i] s.1 of the Regulation respecting the weighting applicable to the selection of foreign nationals, RRQ, c I-0.2, r 2, s.1